It’s not a matter of if, but rather when will you start using waterproof electrical connectors. With our increasing dependence on technology, people expect electronic devices to go where they go. Connectors are under the constant pressure of meeting new expectations for data speed, miniaturization and durability. Most connector failures occur when a connector is not adequately designed for the environment in which it operates. Product developers no longer have the luxury of designing for one type of environment. Instead, they must consider every possible environment, whether it makes sense for the intended device application or not. Moisture can seep into the coupling and corrode contact pins, excessive temperature damages insulation, the mating mechanism fails to complete the required number of cycles, and numerous other issues can result. When it comes to extremes, only harsh environmental connectors can survive.
As the junction between an electrical source and your product, connectors are crucial elements that can make or break the user experience. They also happen to be highly susceptible to damage. If a connector will regularly or potentially be splashed, sprayed or submerged in water, the right mating components and overmolding must be in place to achieve an acceptable IP rating. Otherwise, moisture will get trapped inside the connector and corrode the shields and conductors, or cause impedance and shorting.